First Aid Kits: In virtually all workplaces and public places like gyms and cafés now you’ll often find a First Aid kit in situ, ready to respond to any accidents that may occur. It’s also a great idea to buy a First Aid Kit for your home and car to be prepared. There are different kinds of First Aid Kits for different purposes. When you’re purchasing a First Aid Kit you’ll need to know what to look for and consider what items you require in it.

Size & Purpose

Consider the First Aid Kit’s Size & Purpose. This depends on how many people are working in a facility and the types of injuries that are at a higher risk of occurring. You don’t want to be caught out with a small, basic kit that is no use for industry specific injuries. In contrast, you also don’t want an over-the-top and over loaded First Aid Kit with too many items, many of which will be no use to your workers. Some supplies also expire, meaning this is an unnecessary cost for your firm. A small office may only require a basic First Aid Kit to treat headaches, nausea and cuts whereas a kitchen or factory might need a more complex kit for more serious injuries such as burns, cuts from blades and moderate pain.

What’s Inside

Whichever size is most appropriate or the number of users all First Aid Kits should have the antiseptics to clean wounds and destroy bacteria, bandages to cover wounds and control bleeding, medicines to treat common ailments such as stomach aches, pain and allergies, basic tools such as tweezers to remove splinters, trauma sheers to cut bandages and a thermometer to check temperatures. Injury treatment supplies such as instant hot or cold packs to reduce swelling, antibiotic ointments to inhibit infection, bandages to cover cuts and control bleeding, burns and cream sprays to treat and minimise damage from burns.

The Law

Next you’ll need to consider the Legal Requirements for First Aid Kist. This depends on the size and type of your business and will adjust the quantity of supplies and variety of supplies in the kit(s) you’ll need. Here’s a basic breakdown of the requirements for company’s based on number of employees…

Category of hazard Number of employees Size of first aid kit
Low hazard Less than 25 Small size kit
25-100 Medium size kit
More than 100 1 large kit per 100 employees
High hazard Less than 5 Small size kit
5-25 Medium size kit
More than 25 1 large kit per 25 employees

Find out more by clicking here.

You’ll also want to make sure your First Aid Kit is practical for your business sector. For example if you’re on the go and mobile you’ll need a drop resistant casing. If you work near water or outdoors you’ll need a water resistant kit to avoid spoiling the items within it.

Signage with helpful information such as how to stop choking or conduct CPR as well as how to treat stings and bites may be helpful to your workforce and beneficial in an emergency. For example, this general poster from the Health & Safety Executive.

Common Items in a First Aid Kit and their Purpose

FIRST AID SUPPLY USED FOR

 Adhesive Bandages

  • Covering open wounds
  • Controlling bleeding wounds
 Adhesive 
  • Holding bandages or dressings on wounds
Antibiotic 
  • Preventing infections in minor cuts, scrapes, or
  • Cleansing wounds prior to applying a bandage
Antiseptic
  • Destroying microorganism growth
  • Cleansing wounds prior to applying a bandage
Breathing Barrier
  • Creating a sanitary barrier between patient’s and rescuer’s mouths during CPR and rescue breathing
Gel Soaked Burn Dressing
  • Treating burns
  • Helping with pain associated with burn
 Burn Treatment
  • Treating burns
  • Helping with pain associated with burn
 Cold Pack
  • Reducing swelling
  • Cooling burns to reduce damage done to soft tissue
 Eye Covering (with attachment)
  • Bandaging an injured eye
 Eye/Skin Wash
  • Removing contaminants and irritants from the eyes and skin
 First Aid Guide
  • Providing instruction for proper use of first aid supplies
 Hand Sanitiser
  • Killing germs and microorganisms on hands after caring for patient
Medical Exam Gloves
  • Providing body substance isolation to protect rescuer from contacting blood borne pathogens from patient
2″ Rolled Bandage
  • Controlling bleeding and absorbing bodily fluids from wounds
  • Covering antibiotic and antiseptics that have been applied to wounds
4″ Rolled Bandage
  • Controlling bleeding and absorbing bodily fluids from wounds
  • Covering antibiotic and antiseptics that have been applied to wounds
Scissors
  • Cutting bandages to the proper size
Splint
  • Supporting and protecting broken bones
Sterile Pad
  • Controlling bleeding and absorbing bodily fluids from wounds
  • Covering antibiotic and antiseptics that have been applied to wounds
Tourniquet
  • Constricting and compressing veins and arteries to control bleeding
  • Should only be used for serious, life threatening bleeds
Trauma Pad
  • Extremely absorbent bandage for treating large wounds
Triangular Bandage
  • Slinging and swathing limbs
  • Wrapping around wounds to make a large pressure bandage

 

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